Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior:

  • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid.
  • Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior.
  • Avoids eye contact.
Poor Physical Health:
  • Malnourished, signs of fatigue, scarring, cigarette burns, tattooing/branding, etc.
  • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, and/or confinement.
Lack of Control:
  • Has few or no personal possessions.
  • Lacks any form of identification.
  • Is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present).
  • Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address.
  • Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or of what city he/she is in.
  • Loss of sense of time.
  • Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story.

How Traffickers Control Their Victims:

  • Force: rape, beatings, and confinement.

  • Mind alterations: alcohol and drug usage.

  • Fraud: false offers of caring, marriage, employment, and a better life.

  • Coercion: threats to harm the victim or their family and friends, debt-bondage, and psychological abuse such as brainwashing. 

Traffickers routinely use casinos, truck stops, the internet, and other venues throughout the year.